Here Is How To Avoid Diabetes – Preventive Measures

Diabetes is a complex metabolic disorder and it is present on all continents. It is believed that about 25 percent of the people have a genetic disposition for the disease and inactivity, obesity and chronic stress are of great importance for its emergence.

The condition of chronic hyperglycemia, increased sugar, is caused by the action of genetic factors and a number of environmental factors, which usually act synergistically.

It occurs due to the absolute and relative insulin deficiency, which leads to metabolic disorder of sugar, fat and protein.

Before diabetes clinically manifests, in most people occurs a state of pre-diabetes or insulin resistance.

This is the stage at which glucose is elevated compared to the normal level, but the amount of insulin is still sufficient or even increased.

This stage is very important since the incidence of diabetes can be delayed or even avoided if one significantly changes his lifestyle habits.

Most people pass this stage without even knowing that their sugar levels are elevated.

The regular annual medical control is sufficient for an early detection and diagnosis of the disorder.

Silent, but significant symptoms which indicate of possible pre- diabetes are:

  • extreme thirst,
  • frequent urination,
  • blurred vision,
  • fatigue without apparent cause

Risk factors that indicate an increased risk of pre-diabetes are:

  • age over 45, overweight (BMI over 25),
  • genetic factors
  •  one of the parents or brothers / sisters have diabetes
  •  Physical activity -- sedentary lifestyle
  •  Previously recorded elevated blood sugar
  •  Diabetes in pregnancy or child born with higher birth weight of 4.5 kg
  •  Fat, cholesterol, especially LDL (bad cholesterol) above normal and the good HDL cholesterol below normal.

 Diseases and disorders of the blood vessels